Tongue is one of the parts of the mouth that suffer disorders and problems more easily, from a simple bite or burn to infections and more. Therefore, always pay attention to this part of our body, which is also one of the muscles we use most throughout the day, and take advantage of the moments when we clean our mouths to check their condition, as well as the teeth and gums.
It is normal that if we observe changes immediately we ask ourselves what can happen if it is serious or not if it suits us to go to the doctor and a long list of doubts. In this article, we advise you that if you detect any change in your mouth you go to the doctor as soon as you can, so you will be calmer and you can treat the problem well if there is one. For example, one of those that can draw more attention is fissures or cracks in the tongue. Keep reading if you want to know what their causes are and how to cure the cracked tongue.
Cracked tongue of birth
Did you know that some people have a fissured or cracked tongue since birth? That is, in these cases, it is a normal condition for these people, something genetic, and therefore do not have any health problems that produce it or have to worry. Those who have it will feel completely normal for them, they will not feel pain or any kind of stinging or discomfort in this part.
There are specific cases where it is more likely to appear due to genetics. These are those with a family history that has a geographical tongue and people with Down syndrome.
Symptoms of cracks in the tongue that are not of birth
On the other hand, those who happen to have this part of their mouth like this when their normal form is rather smooth and complete, can see and feel various symptoms such as their tongue split in two or cracked, cracked, dry, burning, stinging, itching and pain, since it is a condition and its meaning may be that other health problems that cause it are being suffered.
Thus, cracks up to 6 mm deep can be observed, which are located only in this part of the mouth and which, normally, do not present more symptoms such as discomfort, but depending on the cause, these signs mentioned above can be given as the itching or pain
Below, we detail the main causes of the cracked tongue when you do not have this form of birth, as well as what is the best treatment to cure it in each case.
Bruxism is one of the main causes of cracks in the tongue. It is a problem in which they squeeze and grind their teeth without hardly realizing it, which happens mostly while we sleep. Other symptoms of bruxism apart from the cracked tongue are the following:
- Changes in the pH of saliva
- Broken or broken teeth, or small cracks in the teeth
- Pain in the jaw
- Pain in the tongue, until cracks appear due to pressure and pH
- Facial discomfort
- Pain in the neck and ears
One of the first things that the specialist will recommend in case of suffering bruxism is to use splints of discharge, especially for the night.
The food or food allergies are quite common and one of the clearest signs are producing reactions in the mouth, including the tongue. In these cases, the most common symptoms of food allergy are the following:
- Itching or itching in the mouth
- Metallic flavor
- Pain in the mouth, tongue, and throat
- Dryness and cracking of the tongue
- Swelling of the lips, tongue, an inner part of the cheeks and throat
- Respiratory distress, due to occlusion of the larynx
- Skin rash
- Feeling very hot
- Stomach or stomach pain
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
It is necessary that the doctor detects what the allergen food is so that it can be removed from the usual diet.
An incorrect diet that produces a deficiency of vitamins and minerals, abuse of chili, curry, pepper or other spicy foods, and has the habit of eating too hot, are other reasons why these grooves may appear on the tongue.
If you think that maybe your case, it is clear that you will have to reorganize the way you feed and change habits. In addition, the abuse of spicy foods can cause other problems, such as hemorrhoids, and the deficit of certain nutrients can cause problems in the bones and cartilages, among many others.
If you have smoking or are addicted to nicotine, smoke daily, and even several cigarettes a day, you may have cracks in your tongue because of it. It must be borne in mind that tobacco affects the whole organism causing alterations and affections, even producing serious diseases in the long term. Some of the first affected parts are the mouth, throat, nostrils, and lungs.
The smoking favors tooth enamel wear, so stains appear on the teeth easily, but also facilitates tooth decay, the appearance of cancer in the mouth and throat and many more disorders, easily changing the appearance of the oral mucosa. In addition, tobacco dries the mouth, so that the appearance of cracks is one of the possible conditions if tobacco is consumed assiduously.
Stress and anxiety
Feeling constant stress or having episodes of anxiety are two conditions that are quite common nowadays and which, in addition, affect health very seriously. There are many problems that can arise from these conditions; However, changes in the mouth are one of the most common signs that manifest physically, alerting us that our stress level is too high. There may be a whitish or dark coloration on the tongue, which becomes hairy, irritates a lot and sores appear or cracks form.
In this case, it will be vital for a specialist to tell us the best way to treat the language in a localized manner, but also to lower stress levels.
Other diseases that cause cracks in the tongue
In addition to everything discussed so far, there are other common causes of cracked language :
- Diabetes: those whose body does not regulate insulin well, do not produce it or take advantage of it correctly, are very likely to suffer from disorders of the mouth, including the tongue.
- Geographical language: in advanced cases of this lingual problem tend to appear fissures, in addition to the characteristic spots and sores.
- Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome: although it is a rare neurological disorder, in this there are symptoms such as facial paralysis, inflammation of the face and lips and folds, fissures and grooves in the tongue.
Treatment for cracked tongue
If you want to know how to cure the fissured tongue, you have to bear in mind that the treatment for cracks in the tongue will totally depend on the cause that originated it in each person. Thus, it will be the doctor who will indicate to each one which is the best medication guide, cures or habit changes that must be done to recover the healthy state of the mouth. These are some of the most common treatment guidelines:
- Medications such as anti-inflammatories, antibiotics, and analgesics if necessary. Antibiotics may also be prescribed as prevention against infections.
- Have a very good hygiene of the whole mouth and pay special attention to the cleaning of the tongue in this period. Use soft bristle brushes, mouthwashes or mouthwashes, and specific toothpaste and dental floss. Always check to make sure that no cracks or fissures remain in the cracks or fissures.
- Correct food, as well as during the time you suffer the problem will have to avoid very hot, acid and spicy foods, or drink alcohol, you will have to change long-term eating habits so that you can cure your mouth completely and prevent the reappearance of the problem.
- Treat the underlying disease, guilty of this lingual condition, such as having a proper control of diabetes, using mouth guards for bruxism or avoiding foods that cause allergy.
- To reduce the consumption of tobacco a lot or to quit smoking altogether.
Always remember to follow the guidelines and instructions of your doctor so that the treatment is the most appropriate for you.
Home remedies for cracked tongue
In addition to the treatments and care mentioned in the previous section, you can take into account some good home remedies to cure cracks in the tongue :
- Ginger: the root of this plant contains components that are very anti-inflammatory as well as antiseptic. This makes it one of the best plants to help heal fissured or cracked tongue. Add it to your diet and take infusions made with the root, up to 3 times a day.
- Garlic: it is one of the most used antibiotics and antimicrobial foods in natural medicine, so it is very indicated for this case. Take it at meals, eat a fasted tooth daily until you’re better or, especially, we recommend you do a homemade rinse with a clove of crushed garlic and grated ginger root, mixed in a large glass of warm water, letting Rest 10 minutes before using it. Wash with this rinse twice a day until you’re better.
- Probiotics: foods full of bacteria and good yeasts that help us regulate the organism and that, specifically, are very indicated to treat oral problems and the rest of the digestive system. Increase the intake of dairy foods, soy, aubergines, seaweed, kombucha tea, and so on.
- Relaxing infusions: as stress has a lot to do with this affection of the tongue, a good advice is that you look for ways to relax. The best relaxing infusions, in this case, are those that contain valerian, linden, passionflower and lemon balm.